Sea transportation

Due to the wide coverage and variety of routes, sea transportation is the most popular type of international delivery of goods and raw materials.

For sea transportation, there are used metal containers 40 and 20 feet long (6 and 12 meters, respectively). It is containers that provide more than 70% of international commercial trade. In addition to general cargo, it is possible to transport both hazardous substances (hydrocarbons, chemicals, etc.) and bulk cargo (wheat, flour, livestock feed, etc.) in special types of containers.

Types of sea transportation

  • FCL (full container load with goods of one customer).
  • LCL (Less-than-container load with payment only for the actual volume of cargo, and not for the entire container).
  • Transportation of liquid and bulk cargo or perishable goods in special refrigerated containers.

The cost of sea transportation depends on the selected format, distance and type of cargo.

Sea transportation

is the transportation of goods and passengers, which is carried out on ships on the sea routes.

Cost of sea transportation

The price of cargo transportation by sea depends both on the order itself - for example, transporting dangerous goods is always more expensive, as well as other factors: the route, distance, choice of the sea line. There are also a number of non-obvious categories that affect the cost:
1. Cost of container turnover. The customer pays not only for the transportation of cargo in the sea line container, but also for its return to the owner. If the container is shipped back empty, this will increase the cost of its rental.
2. Surcharges from shipping lines in the high season, for rising fuel prices, etc.
3. Additional services. The organization of transportation includes not only direct delivery from port A to port B. The more additional services provided (loading works, customs clearance, insurance, etc.), the greater the total amount.

FCL (Full Container Load)

эis a cargo transportation format when the entire volume of a container is filled with goods or raw materials of only one customer.

Advantages of this type of transportation:

• Possibility of transportation of a large batch of goods;
• Sealing the container immediately after loading your batch;
• Transit time is much shorter compared to LCL, as there is no need to wait for the consolidation of other customers' cargos for shipment.

LCL (Less Container Load)

transportation of goods from different cargo shippers as part of one (collective) container. In this way, small consignments are sent that do not occupy the entire space of the container. The customer pays not for renting the entire container, but only for a place in it. The cost of transportation of groupage cargo is calculated individually for each client, depending on the dimensions and weight of the consignment.

Transportation by refrigerators

Cargo transportation in refrigerated containers ensures the safety of perishable goods during the journey.

With the help of refrigerated containers, it is possible to transport safely:

• Meat and fish; ;
• Fresh vegetables and fruits;
• Plants;
• Medical preparations;
• Certain types of chemicals.

Transportation of bulk or liquid cargo

For the transportation of liquid, bulk, as well as gaseous cargoes, various types of maritime transport are used: bulkers, tankers, gas carriers. Also, such goods can be transported in special containers - flexitanks. There are a number of restrictions and requirements for the transportation of such goods. If you need to transport any type of liquid or bulk cargo, contact our specialists and we will select the most convenient and profitable type of transportation.

Required documents for sea transportation:

Bill of lading, sea waybill, navigational receipt, packing list, dock receipt.

The bill of lading

is one of the most important documents accompanying the cargo on the route by sea. Such a negotiable document confirms the right of ownership of the goods, and is an object of trade.
Sea waybill - confirms the acceptance of cargo on board of the ship and the existence of an agreement between the carrier and the recipient. This document is not a shipping document, and depending on the country it may have names: cargo receipt, line waybill, non-negotiable bill of lading, etc.).

Navigational receipt

confirms the receipt of goods on board. In cases where there is no bill of lading and prior agreement of both parties, the navigational receipt during sea transportation may act as a shipping document. Such a document is issued by the captain's assistant only after the cargo has been accepted on board.

Packing list

a cargo-accompanying document, acting as an addition to the invoice. As a rule, this document indicates: a general list of cargo items, number of package, weight, etc.
Dock receipt - handed over to the cargo shipper by the carrier upon receipt of the goods at the port.

The information about the cargo you need to provide in order to carry out the transportation:

You must provide a packing list, volume, weight and dimensions of the cargo, conditions of transportation, information about the sender and recipient.

General cargo

is any piece cargo with or without packaging that can be transported by vehicles without organizing special conditions for loading, unloading and transportation itself.

Dangerous goods or hazardous materials

is a cargo that can cause harm to the health or life of people and / or the environment, as well as the vehicle by which it is being transported. Dangerous goods are a category of goods that are either prohibited for transportation or certain restrictions are established for their transportation due to the observance of security measures. These goods require the completion of special documentation and special packaging during their transportation.

Perishable goods

Perishable goods are those goods that, under normal conditions, i.e. without proper cooling and maintenance of optimal temperatures and humidity, are easily spoiled and therefore require special conditions for transportation.

Cargo shipper

a natural or legal person who, under a contract for the transportation of goods, acts on his own behalf or on behalf of the owner of the goods and is indicated in the bill of lading.

Cargo receiver

a person to whom, at the direction of the Cargo shipper, the goods should be issued at the destination point. Not being a party to the contract of shipment, he/she acquires certain rights and bears obligations stipulated by the contract concluded by the Cargo shipper with the carrier.

Cargo dimensions

these are the length, height and width, and weight of the cargo. There are standard-sized and oversized cargo.

Standard-sized cargo

is a cargo dimensions of which do not exceed the dimensions allowed for transportation and the norms established by the rules of the traffic. In other words, the standard-sized dimension is the size of the cargo that can be placed in a standard vehicle.

Oversized cargo

is a cargo dimensions of which exceed the dimensions allowed for transportation and the norms established by the rules of the traffic. In other words, oversized dimension is the size of the cargo that cannot be placed in a standard vehicle.

Net weight

the weight of the goods without tare and packaging.

Gross weight

the weight of the goods, including tare and packaging.

Is packaging necessary for cargo?

Yes, your cargo needs to be packed and/or palletized, which is the responsibility of the cargo shipper.

The volumetric weight of the shipped item (overall weight)

is a calculated value that reflects the density of the cargo. Typically, a less dense item occupies more space than a denser item of the same weight. The volumetric weight is calculated and compared with the actual mass of the shipped item to determine which of the values is larger. The larger value is used to calculate the shipping cost.

Consolidation of goods

is a process of sorting and accumulation of goods in a warehouse, collection and formation of goods sent by the same route.


Estimated time of transport departure.


Estimated time of transport arrival.

Payment Process

After each shipment, our company will send an invoice, according to which you will pay the corresponding amount to the account number indicated in the invoice, and then send us a payment order.